Anybody who’s suffered from a bad flea infestation knows how annoying Flea Bites can be. Not only do you have to watch your pet suffer and scratch at their fleas, but your bites can be quite horrible as well. The reason flea bites itch is that flea saliva contains an anti-coagulant that causes an allergic reaction and results in the small, itchy bump that you see.
The best thing you can do for flea bites is not scratch them, obviously. This is always more easily said than done, but the more you can do to not scratch, the better. However, there are a few tips to reduce how much the bites itch.
Among the most popular methods to relieve itching are calamine lotion, tea tree oil, vinegar and rubbing alcohol. Ice can also work temporarily by numbing the area of the bite. You might also try hand-sanitizer, anti-septic cream and sunburn remedies.
Obviously, the best thing to do as a long-term solution is get rid of the fleas themselves. This is not always easy to do, but if you follow some fairly simple steps, and stay with a careful and concerted program, you can succeed.
The first step is to kill the fleas on your pet. There are many topical pet flea treatments available, but probably the most popular is Frontline. Frontline comes in small, single-dose vials that are applied between the pets shoulder blades. The treatment then disperses out through the animal’s hair follicles and oil glands, and should provide protection for one month.
The next step is to get rid of the fleas in your home. This can be difficult to do with a serious infestation, but following a careful plan is the key. First, wash everything you can that might be infested with fleas, including pet bedding, cushions, carpets, etc. Throw them in the washing machine and wash with hot water and detergent.
The best thing you can do for fleas in your home is vacuuming. Vacuum your carpets and floors as much as possible, every day if you can, but at least three days a week. You can also buy some chemical sprays and foggers if you have a bad infestation. If you do this, make sure you buy a product that contains both an insecticide, such as pyrethrin, as well as an insect growth regulator (IGR) such as methoprene. This ensures that the spray will kill both adult fleas, as well as eggs, larva and pupae.
The key to this simple program is to continue to treat both your home and pet long past the time the fleas seem to be gone. If your pet stops scratching, still treat them with Frontline. If your home seems fine, don’t stop the frequent vacuuming. Fleas can be quite tenacious and hide out as eggs and larva, only to surprise you with a new infestation just when you think you’re in the clear.
One of the most irritating things about fleas on humans is the bite. These may cause red and inflamed wheals on the skin which are excessively itchy and irritating. Expect the following Flea symptoms if you do get bitten by these tiny parasites.
The first thing that you will see is a wheal on the affected area. Usually, those would be located on the feet and the legs, since fleas do jump from one area to another, but not so high. This will redden and swell a bit more.
Fleas have a very small head, compared to the rest of its body. However, its mandible is huge enough to bite your skin and suck in blood. Besides that, its saliva has a certain toxin which has anti-coagulant properties. You will then see that the blood will continue to flow in the bitten area.
It will be very itchy. Scratching it will provide relief - but that would be so temporary only. Besides that, it may cause the lump to open up and get infected. Secondary infections would be your biggest problem in this case so try not to scratch so much because you really do not want to add antibiotic cream to your pharmacy shopping list.
Learning how to get rid of fleas in your surroundings would be the best cure / prevention. Even if you have boxes of calamine tubes at home, you will not be protected from the parasitic insects if you do not practice good pet hygiene and clean your environment well.
If you think that the infestations of fleas in your home is just starting, simple sweeping the floor, vacuuming the carpet and laundering your pillows and curtains will do. However, if you think the problem is serious already, call in the big guns or the professional pest killers.
Easy Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Fleas
If you have pets, you would know that having fleas on humans is not that impossible. There are several species of fleas and the one you will see on cats, dogs and other animals are different in certain ways.
However, you can still be bitten by fleas which infest your pets. Most of the time, you will see red, itchy wheals (bites) on your feet and legs. Flea symptoms are pretty irritating. But you do not have to go and run to the pharmacy to buy a tube of expensive calamine lotion. You do not even have to consult your doctor just to ask how to get rid of fleas and its bites.
All you need to do is check out what's in the toilet, your kitchen, in your fridge, and surely, you will find some of the best and most effective home remedies against flea bites there.
The most important thing that you should do is to wash the affected area immediately. Any regular soap will do, as long as you kept the area clean.
Next, get your ice pack, fill that with ice and then put it over the bite. This will help lessen the redness and swelling and might also help with the itchiness. If you do not have an ice pack, any regular kitchen towel will do.
It is very important that you do not scratch the area - even if you really want to already. If the wheal opens into a wound, secondary skin infections may arise.
For most people, the inflammation and itch will die down in a few days. If yours do not, then it would be time to go to the doctor. Have this diagnosed and then buy the medications that your physician prescribes.
Home Remedy For Fleas
Fleas are more than just disgusting; they will carry several serious diseases, parasites and even weaken your dog's immune system. Also, fleas can bite the other pets & people in your house, leading to infestations, allergic reactions and possibly allergies & skin rashes. Fleas can be found almost everywhere on Earth, although they are usually more abundant in warm climates and in more southern or tropical locations. Keep in mind that dogs in kennels or anywhere where they frequently interact with other dogs are at a higher risk for flea infestations since not all dog owners are responsible with flea prevention.
Luckily, there are many effective topical solutions and other vet prescribed treatments to control & eliminate fleas in the house and on your dog's body. Several of the herbal and homeopathic flea controls are not quite as effective but still serve a purpose. There are also many ineffective and bogus over-the-counter flea control products that just don't work. Before picking flea control program, discuss with your vet and decide what will be the best approach for you and your dog.
The Life Cycle of a Flea
Despite being very annoying, fleas really do have an amazing life cycle and it is easy to see why they are so abundant around the world. A flea's whole lifecycle protects them and gives them the best possible opportunity to reproduce, which they do in very large numbers. To understand the life cycle of the flea the stages will be outlined below:
Eggs - the eggs are spawned in your dog's hair and are not attached to the root, instead, they are just deposited on the skin. This means that the eggs can drop off the dog onto bedding (yours or theirs), furniture, or even onto other pets. These eggs can survive for years under the right conditions. Each female flea can lay roughly 15-20 eggs per day and about 600 eggs during her entire lifespan. The eggs hatch very quickly in time periods ranging from a two days to two weeks, depending on the climate and other conditions.
Larva - roughly 30% of the fleas on a dog are in the larva stage at any given time. There are actually three distinct stages to larva but it is essential to understand that the larva are blind and avoid light at all costs. Dark areas are where they prefer to live. Creases in bedding and furniture are prime locations for larva to be discovered. They eat dried blood found in adult flea feces and dead skin. During this time they are not a true since they do not really suck blood or affect the dog's health. The larva stage will last between two weeks to a month or longer.
Pupa - the larva spins a cocoon and develops for between five days to fourteen days. During this time they do not eat anything but the cocoon might cause irritation to the dog's skin if it is on the body or in the bedding.
Adult fleas - adult fleas are the ones that do the biting and cause irritation. They bite the skin & suck small amounts of blood from the host, be it a dog, cat, other animal or human. Fleas will cause allergic reactions in most species that lead to scabs, dry and flaky patches of skin and possibly hair loss. Adult fleas will not reproduce without ingesting blood, but they can drop into a form of hibernation for many months if there is no blood available.
Be sure to plan for routine flea control and management for your dog. Carefully watch for any of the signs of fleas, like flea dirt, in the dog's coat. Flea dirt looks like small round dark balls that appear similar to large, black sand grains close to the skin. This is a positive sign of flea infestations and requires immediate treatment.